Spielberg is also, collectively, the top-grossing director of all time, having helmed such blockbusters as Jaws, E.T. The Extra-Terrestrial, the Indiana Jones franchise, and Jurassic Park. Among his myriad honors, he is a three-time Academy Award winner.
Spielberg took home his first two Oscars, for Best Director and Best Picture, for the internationally lauded Schindler's List, which received a total of seven Oscars. The film was also named the Best Picture of 1993 by many of the major critics organizations, in addition to winning seven BAFTA Awards and three Golden Globe Awards, both including Best Picture and Director. Spielberg also won the Directors Guild of America (DGA) Award for his work on the film.
Spielberg won his third Academy Award , for Best Director, for the World War II drama Saving Private Ryan, which was the highest-grossing release (domestically) of 1998. It was also one of the year's most honored films, earning four additional Oscars , as well as two Golden Globe Awards, for Best Picture - Drama and Best Director, and numerous critics groups awards in the same categories. Spielberg also won another DGA Award, and shared a Producers Guild of America's (PGA) Award with the film's other producers. That same year, the PGA also presented Spielberg with the prestigious Milestone Award for his historic contribution to the motion picture industry.
He has also earned Academy Award nominations for Best Director for Munich, E.T. The Extra-Terrestrial, Raiders of the Lost Ark and Close Encounters of the Third Kind. Additionally, he earned DGA Award nominations for those films, as well as Jaws, The Color Purple, Empire of the Sun and Amistad. With ten to date, Spielberg has been honored by his peers with more DGA Award nominations than any other director. In 2000, he received the DGA's Lifetime Achievement Award. He is also the recipient of the Irving G. Thalberg Award from the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences, the Hollywood Foreign Press's Cecil B. DeMille Award, the Kennedy Center Honors, and numerous other career tributes.
More recently, Spielberg directed the world-wide hit Indiana Jones and the Kingdom of the Crystal Skull. He is also a producer of this summer's success Super 8 directed by JJ Abrams. Besides directing Tintin, he is directing War Horse, based on an award-winning novel, which has also been adapted into a major stage hit in London and recently won the Tony Award for Broadway's Best Drama. From DreamWorks Studios, the film is slated to open on December 28, 2011. In October, he will begin production on Lincoln for release in the fall of 2012. Spielberg's career began with the 1968 short film Amblin, which led to him becoming the youngest director ever signed to a long-term studio deal. He first gained attention for his 1971 telefilm Duel. Three years later, he made his feature film directorial debut on The Sugarland Express, from a screenplay he co-wrote. His next film was Jaws, which was the first film to break the $100 million mark.
In 1984, Spielberg formed his own production company, Amblin Entertainment. Under the Amblin banner, the company produced such hits as Gremlins, Goonies, Back to the Future I, II, and III, Who Framed Roger Rabbit?, An American Tail, Twister, The Mask of Zorro, and the Men in Black films. Amblin also produced the Emmy-winning hit series ER with Warner Bros. Television.
In 1994, Spielberg partnered with Jeffrey Katzenberg and David Geffen to form the original DreamWorks Studios. The studio enjoyed both critical and commercial successes, including three consecutive Best Picture Academy Award winners: American Beauty, Gladiator, and A Beautiful Mind. In its history, DreamWorks has also produced or co-produced a wide range of features, including the Transformers blockbusters; Clint Eastwood's World War II dramas Flags of Our Fathers and Letters from Iwo Jima, the latter earning a Best Picture Oscar nomination; Meet the Parents and Meet the Fockers; and The Ring, to name only a few. Under the DreamWorks banner, Spielberg also directed such films as War of the Worlds, Minority Report, Catch Me If You Can and A.I. Artificial Intelligence.
Spielberg has not limited his success to the big screen. On the heels of their experience on Saving Private Ryan, t he and Tom Hanks teamed to executive produce the 2001 HBO miniseries Band of Brothers, based on Stephen Ambrose's book about a U.S. Army unit in Europe in World War II. Among its many awards, the project won both Emmy and Golden Globe Awards for Outstanding Miniseries. He and Hanks more recently reunited to executive produce the acclaimed 2010 HBO miniseries The Pacific, this time focusing on the Marines in WWII's Pacific theatre. The Pacific won eight Emmy Awards, including Outstanding Miniseries.
Spielberg also executive produced the Emmy-winning Sci-Fi Channel miniseries Taken, and the TNT miniseries Into the West. He was an executive producer on the Showtime series The United States of Tara, and is an executive producer on TNT's Falling Skies and the upcoming Terra Nova on Fox TV as well as an executive producer on Smash which will debut on NBC early in 2012.
Apart from his filmmaking work, Spielberg has also devoted his time and resources to many philanthropic causes. The impact of his work on Schindler's List, led him to establish the Righteous Persons Foundation using all his profits from the film. He also founded Survivors of the Shoah Visual History Foundation, which, in 2005, became the USC Shoah Foundation Institute for Visual History and Education. In addition, Spielberg is the Chairman Emeritus of the Starlight Children's Foundation.
Read earlier biographies on this page.
Steven Spielberg Facts
|Birth Name||Steven Allan Spielberg|
|Occupation||Director, Producer, Screenwriter|
|Birthday||December 18, 1946 (74)|
|Birthplace||Cincinnati, Ohio, USA|
|Height||5' 7½" (1m71) How tall is Steven Spielberg compared to you?|
|Awards||2009 Golden Globe Awards: Cecil B. DeMille Award|
|1999 Academy Awards: Best Director (for Saving Private Ryan)|
|1999 Golden Globe Awards: Best Director - Motion Picture (for Saving Private Ryan)|
|1994 Academy Awards: Best Director (for Schindler's List)|
|1994 Golden Globe Awards: Best Director - Motion Picture (for Schindler's List)|
|1994 BAFTA Awards: David Lean Award for Direction (for Schindler's List)|
|War of the Worlds (2005)|
|Minority Report (2002)|
|Saving Private Ryan (1998)|
|Jurassic Park (1993)|
|Schindler's List (1993)|
|Empire of the Sun (1987)|
|The Color Purple (1985)|
|Close Encounters of the Third Kind|
|E.T. - The Extra-Terrestrial|
|Indiana Jones - Raiders of the Lost Ark|
|Indiana Jones - The Last Crusade|
|Indiana Jones - The Temple of Doom|