His most recent release is the acclaimed comedy-drama Matchstick Men, starring Nicolas Cage.
Born in South Shields, Northumberland, England, Scott grew up in London, Cumbria, Wales, and Germany before returning to northeast England to live in Stockton-on-Tees. He excelled in graphic design and painting at West Hartlepool College of Art, strengths that would later serve as his screen signature, and studied at London's Royal Academy of Art, where he completed his first film. Upon graduating with honors, Scott was awarded a traveling scholarship to the U. S., where he gained valuable experience working with award-winning documentarians Richard Leaoock and D. A. Pennebaker while employed at Time-Life. Returning to the U.K., he joined the BBC as a production designer and within a year graduated to directing many of the network's popular television programs.
Three years later he left to form his own company, RSA, which soon became one of the most successful commercial production houses in Europe and subsequently added offices in New York and Los Angeles. Scott directed more than 3,000 commercials, including Chanel's captivating Share the Fantasy and a memorable Apple Computer spot that aired during the 1984 Super Bowl. His work collected awards at the Venice and Cannes Film Festivals and was honored by the New York Art Directors' Club. RSA still maintains a high profile in the global marketplace, representing some of the most acclaimed directors in film and advertising.
Scott leaped from commercial production to movies in 1978 with The Duellists, a Napoleonic War saga that brought him the Jury Prize at Cannes. His second film, the groundbreaking sci-fi thriller Alien, switched gears from the past to the frightening future and earned an Oscar for Visual Effects. Scott's next feature, the landmark masterpiece Blade Runner, starring Harrison Ford, is still considered a milestone of contemporary filmmaking. Nominated by the Academy for art direction and visual effects, it became a cult classic and the youngest film to be honored by inclusion in the National Film Archives. In 2003 the director re-edited Blade Runner for DVD release. Scott also re-cut Alien, which was released in 2004 to celebrate its 25th anniversary.
Scott went on to direct the big-screen fantasy Legend, starring Tom Cruise; the urban thriller Someone to Watch Over Me, with Tom Berenger; and the cross-cultural gangster epic Black Rain, with Michael Douglas and Andy Garcia. In 1987 he formed Percy Main Productions to develop and produce feature films. Its first project, which he helmed, was Thelma and Louise, starring Susan Sarandon and Geena Davis. The film received five Academy Award nominations, including Scott's first as Best Director, won for Best Original Screenplay, and picked up BAFTA nominations for Best Picture and Best Director. He followed with the historic epic 1492: Conquest ofParadise and The Browning Version, produced by Scott and starring Albert Finney and Greta Scacchi.
In 1995, with brother Tony (also a successful filmmaker), he formed Scott Free Productions, which produced White Squall, G.I. Jane, and the blockbuster sequel Hannibal, all directed by Scott, as well as Clay Pigeons and Where the Money Is, a caper comedy starring Paul Newman.
The company produced Showtime's CableACE-winning anthology series The Hunger, adapted from Tony Scott's 1983 film, and the Emmy and Golden Globe Award-winning HBO telefilm RKO 281, starring Liv Schreiber as Orson Welles. For HBO, Scott Free executive produced The Gathering Storm, an Emmy and Golden Globe Award-winning telefilm depicting the life of Winston Churchill. Scott Free Productions recently signed a two-year development deal with CBS.
Scott is co-chairman of Mill Film, one of the largest digital production and postproduction houses in London. Founded in 1987, Mill Film helped create visual effects for such features as Shakespeare in Love, Babe: Pig in the City, Pitch Black, Cats and Dogs, Harry Potter and the Sorcerer's Stone, Lara Croft: Tomb Raider, and dozens more. Mill Film was recognized with an Academy Award for their visual effects on Scott's Gladiator. He is also co-chairman of Pinewood- Shepperton Holdings, Ltd., a London facility where Alien was filmed and that provides 42 stages, backlots and locations plus award-winning post-production and support services. The Scott brothers (as part of a consortium) purchased Shepperton Studios in 1995, which merged with Pinewood Studios in 2001.
In recognition of his contribution to the arts, Scott was awarded knighthood in January 2003.
Read earlier biographies on this page.
Ridley Scott Facts
|Birthday||November 30, 1937 (83)|
|Birthplace||South Shields, Tyne and Wear, England, United Kingdom|
|Kingdom of Heaven (2005)|
|Black Hawk Down (2002)|
|White Squall (1996)|
|Blade Runner (1982)|